Oregon State University

About Fishing

There are several different fisheries off the Pacific Northwest coast, and each uses specialized boats and gear.

Trollers are boats that tow several baited hooks through the water to catch salmon or albacore. They're outfitted with a pair of outriggers, which are kept in an upright position when not fishing, and extended to a 45-degree angle when the lines are out.  Salmon trollers, usually 18 to 60 feet, use fish depth, troll speed, and specialized lure to determine species of salmon to be caught. Tuna trollers, usually 38 to 100 feet, can travel hundreds of miles offshore, and stay out for a month or more.

For more information on salmon trollers, check out this Oregon Sea Grant publication.

For more information on tuna trollers, check out this Oregon Sea Grant publication.

Trawlers are boats that drag  funnel-shaped nets through the water to harvest fish or shrimp. Bottom trawlers tow the net along the ocean floor, catching fish that live on or just off the bottom -- rockfish, cod, sablefish, ocean perch, flounder, and sole.  Shrimpers tow small-meshed nets just above the ocean floor, using bycatch reduction devices to avoid accidental bycatch of rockfish and halibut.  Midwater trawlers fish from just above the bottom to just below the surface, haravesting fish travelling in schools.  

For more information on trawlers, check out this Oregon Sea Grant publication.

Long-liners are boats that drop a very long baited-hook line, which is stretched over the bottom, anchored at each end, and marked by surface buoys, poles, and flags.  These boats specialize in halibut or sablefish.

For more information on long-liners, check out this Oregon Sea Grant publication.

Purse seiners use moveable nets which are used to encircle fish, and are recognizable by the smaller skiff carried on their stern, which is used to pull the net around the schools of fish.  Purse seiners specialize in schooling species such as mackerels, sardines, and anchovies.

For more information on purse seiners, check out this Oregon Sea Grant publication.

Gillnetters are smaller vessels, usually 20 to 40 feet, which are used on the Columbia River.  The light-weight netting, which hangs in the water, is designed for catching salmon, sturgeon, shad, and smelt.  The mesh size is designed to allow steelhead to escape.

For more information on gillnetters, check out this Oregon Sea Grant publication.

Crab boats carry heavy (75-120 pound) crab pots, which are pushed over the side, one at a time, and later hauled in by use of a crab block or gurdy.  Crabbing is done seasonally.  In off-season, crab pots and their colorful buoys can be seen stacked on docks.  During the season, the bright lights of the boats can be seen just offshore.

For more information on crabbers, check out this Oregon Sea Grant publication.

Additional information on fishing vessel types can be found at FAO's Fisheries and Aquaculture Department page.  Information on Fishing Methods can be found on the Monterey Bay Aquarium site.

Images of fishing boats

Contact Info

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Newport

2030 SE Marine Science Drive
Newport, OR  97365
Tel:  541 867-0230
(at the Hatfield 
Marine Science Center)

Astoria

2001 Marine Drive, Room 253
Astoria, OR  97103
503 325-4531
(at the Seafood Research 
& Education Center)